Bennehan and Cameron Interests Merged at Stagville

A slave dwelling at Horton Grove.On October 24, 1823, Richard Bennehan purchased more than 400 acres known as Horton Grove from William Horton. The land became part of Bennehan’s vast holdings across what are now Granville, Durham, Orange and Wake counties.

The plot then included only the modest Horton Home but, by 1860, also incorporated several two-story, four-room timber-frame slave quarters, some smaller tobacco barns and the Great Barn, which was the center of the extensive Stagville plantation,

Most of Horton Grove’s structures were built by Paul Cameron, Bennehan’s grandson. Family records reveal that the unique design of the slave cabins was a deliberate attempt on Cameron’s part to provide a healthier living environment for his slaves.

Stagville was one of the largest pre-Civil War plantations in the upper South. By 1860, the Bennehan-Cameron family owned nearly 30,000 acres, several businesses and almost 900 slaves, and Stagville, a plantation of several thousand acres on its own, was at the center of the enormous estate.

Horton Grove was added to the National Register of Historic Places  in 1978, and today Historic Stagville is one of 27 state historic sites.

Visit: Located in northern Durham County, Historic Stagville is open to visitors Tuesday though Saturday.

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