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North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster Volume XX


Civil War researchers will want to acquire the latest volume of the N. C. Office of Archives and History’s efforts to document the service record of every North Carolina soldier who took part in the conflict. Volume XX of the “North Carolina Troops, 1861-1865: A Roster” series covers generals and staff and is the first of two volumes to cover militia and Home Guard.

Volume XX presents the service records of the 32 Confederate generals from North Carolina along with the records of Confederate staff officers and non-regimental troops from the Tar Heel State. These were the troops who managed the logistics of the war, fulfilling the functions necessary to the maintenance of the army. Some kept the soldiers clothed, equipped, and armed, while others cared for medical needs or processed new enrollees. Adjutant general staff, aides-de-camp, engineering staff, chaplains, judge advocates and others labored behind the scenes to assist the war effort.

Volume XX also contains a history of the North Carolina Militia, followed by a roster of Militia Generals and staff, and rosters of regiments one through 61 of the militia. The regiments represent roughly the eastern half of the state. The rosters of regiments 62 through 121 of the militia, from the western half of the state, will be presented in Volume XXI, available in 2018. 

The North Carolina Militia had existed for nearly 200 years by the onset of the Civil War. It was the militia that commenced military action in North Carolina in the frenzied month between the fall of Fort Sumter and North Carolina’s secession. In September 1861, the Militia was reorganized into 121 regiments, either one or two regiments in each county. Over the course of the war, the militia gradually declined, as able-bodied men entered regular Confederate service, and others entered the Home Guard. 

The first volume in the series, published in 1966, remains in print as do all succeeding volumes. The histories are compiled from the Official Records of the armies, and other primary and secondary sources.

The rosters are compiled in part from the National Archives Compiled Service Records, which contain abstracts of muster rolls, hospital records, prisoner-of-war records, as well as original documents. Other sources include census records, pension records, newspapers, and records of the North Carolina adjutant general. The “North Carolina Troops” series is widely recognized as the finest of its kind in the nation.

The hardcover book, distributed by the University of North Carolina Press, is available for $50 at or directly from this link:

For additional information, please call (919) 807-7288. The Research Branch of the Office of Archives and History is part of the N.C. Department of Natural and Cultural Resources.

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